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Orchids & Varied plants

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      Although climate of this district has changed recently, but general climatic condition is marked by a brief spell of Summer which in fact sandwiched between the spells of rainy season from May to August & mid of September. Due to tropical climate and being at the foothills of the Himalaya mountains, high humidity and dampness of Cooch Behar along with surrounding regions nurture rich growth of Orchids of various types. Orchids are found in abundance in neighboring states of Assam, Meghalaya, and Sikkim. Shillong, Kalimpong and other places of Sikkim commercially organise growing of orchids in this North-eastern Frontier Province. Unique species of Orchids can be found in the wilds of the forests of Dooars. Collection of orchids by hobbyist and few dealers to meet local & foreign demands have left some of the orchids-growing areas without any orchid and very rare species are now facing the danger of depletion.

Some of the Indian orchid species available in North Bengal & Assam :
  1. Acampe Praemorsa
  2. Bulbophyllum Leopardinum
  3. Canna
  4. Cattleya
  5. Cymbidium
  6. Dendrobium
  7. Gastrochilus Dasypogon
  8. Melastoma
  9. Oncidium
 10. Orchidaceae
 11. Phaius Wallichii
 12. Phalaenopsis
 13. Plumeria
 14. Rhynchostylis Retusa
 15. Vanda Cristata

Almost all trees of pretty old ages bear parasitic & herbal plants growing on their barks and trunks. Plants of some common types hanging on to the trees are commonly seen.

This is one of the large families of the flora of India. Since the species are adapted to diverse climatic & topographic conditions, exhibiting epiphytic, terrestrial & saprophytic habits, it is one of the most interesting families with wide floral adaptations.



 also vailable in Assam

The pseudo-bulbs are obpyriform compressed and crowded, about 1 inch long. Leaf elliptic oblong, the base narrowed to the short petiole. The petals and sepals are pale ochraceous spotted with crimson. The lip is deep crimson, indistinctly spotted. It secrets honey which the bees and insects seek. It has a very offensive odour. It is found in Darjeeling extending eastward to Khasia hills. Bears flowers in October-November.


Cattleyas (another kind) >>

Moon Drop [Cattleya] plant

also available in Assam


[also known as Futukula in Assam]

[ Paphiopedilum ]






ONCIDIUM Plant in bloom


beautiful flower of PHALAENOPSIS family


  another kind of Phalaenopsis Orchid

MOKARA GOLD Plant [Epiphyte]

available in Assam

as commonly known by


VANDA Orchid

Flower of Vanda Orchid

Vanda, the original Indian name for orchids, grows in the regions ranging from India to Phillipines and consists of about 60 species. The plant is an epiphyte and produces abundunt flowers. 

Flowers grow laterally, upright from the base of two leaved shoots; leaves usually strap shaped but can also take other forms. Often several flowers are produced by one plant. They are heavy feeders and can with stand harsh environs. Species like Arandas, Mokaras, Kegawaras, Renentheras, Ascocentrums, Rhyncostylis -- all belong to the Genera of Vanda. Most of these are monopodial in habit with their leaves terete or or semi terete or some with broad leaves. They require a lot of sun and most of them are climbers with aerial roots appearing along the stem. Most of the orchids have special names like Scorpion Orchids or Spider orchids as called by the commercial growers.

The major variants in the group are Terete Vandas from the Vanda Arachnis tribe, Arandas, Renenthera group such as Renatanda, Renanopsis and Aranthera, Multi generic hybrids like Mokara (Arachnis X Ascocentrum X Vanda), Holttumara (Arachnis X Renenthera X Vanda) Bokchoonara (Arachnis X Ascocentrum X Phalenopsis X Vanda). The total number of multi generic hybrids in the monopodium orchids is over 60. Many multi generics are not so tall and are less tolerant to full sun than those parent plants that are climbers.

This orchid is easy to cultivate in areas of high humidity conditions. Most of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, India, Srilanka, Phillipines are the places where these are grown in large areas for commercial purposes like cutflower trade.

Some Vandas are cultivated in beds and some in wooden baskets hanging in the mid air in a green house. The culture conditions are totally dependent on the type of plant habit, its sunlight needs etc..

KAGAWARA Hybrid Orchid

known as Kopou Ful in Assam

also vailable in Meghalaya

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