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Muga Cultivation - Check out
# Catchy points for Seri-Farmers          # Planning & Management - Thrust Areas         # New Silkworm Hybrids       # Present Status - brief statistics
Through Sericulture at Cooch Behar

       SERICULTURE is an Agro-based Cottage Industry which deals with production of smooth and glittering natural fibre Silk "Queen of Textiles'. The silk is obtained through a unique biological process of Silkworms.

       Sericulture in Cooch Behar district is popular for development of rural economy by providing development of infrastructures, supply of start up tools, supply of inputs, supply of planting materials, disease-free seeds in subsidised rate, support for Crop Insurance, Health Insurance Support, support for irrigation, remodeling of existing rearing house, facilities for training, exposures visit to farmers, supply of reeling & twisting machines and many other items in Pre & Post Cocoon sector under different schemes viz. Special State Plan, Catalytic Development Programme, MGNREGS, RKVY etc.

       This district has successfully introduced rearing of multi and improved Mul-voltine Mulberry Silkworms breeds of seed crops in summer seasons to ensure supply of Improved Mulberry based crossbreed disease-free layings for summer commercial crops to the districts of South & East zones and also encourages Bi-voltine based cross-breed silkworm rearing to obtain warp grade hybrid silk mainly through the organized network of progressive farmers. While the farmer will continue to promote the cause of poverty alleviation, employment generation and subsistence farming, the later would go on commercial line. The emphasis will actually be on the vertical growth through productivity and process improvement.

       As regards non mulberry (Muga) it proposes for development of integrated farming system for host plants, encouraging private Graineurs to enhance dfls supply, establishment of economic plantation of Persea bombycina (Som) under social forestry programme in the district, thrust on post cocoon aspects, encouraging use of motorized reeling cum twisting machines/ spining wheels and increase productivity and efficiency of women users.

       Thus, the goal of perspective planning is to place a sound and sustaining system that not only facilitates bulk production of quality silk but also helps the industry to be more professional and commercially viable at each stratum in Cooch Behar.

Key Points on Sericulture
at Cooch Behar as on 1st April, 2012
Particulars Mulberry
1. Actual acreage 457 780
2. Total no. of farmers 1370 1800
3. Annual Consumption of DFLs 55,000 70,000
4. Average productivity level
(per 100 DFLs)
28-30 Kgs (N)
35/38 Kgs (NXBV)
4800 nos. cocoons
5. No. of villages under Sericulture 191
6. No. of Gram Panchayats under Sericulture 56
7. No. of Dev. Blocks under Sericulture 10

click the link below for information on
[ Present status of Muga Culture at Cooch Behar ]

  • Popularisation of Muga Culture, Muga Reeling and Spinning activities to enhance the income of downtrodden people in rural areas specially for women.

  • Popularisation of Mulberry cultivation, silkworms rearing in agriculturally unsuitable land to provide income for rural people.

  • Encourage the members of Self Help Groups to earn in Sericulture activities.

SERICULTURE at Cooch Behar : VISION 2017
SECTOR : Mulberry
Parameters to be
Position as on
Expected growth
by 2017
1. Effective areas of plantation including that of Govt. farms 457 acres 1000 acres
2. Annual consumption of disease-free laying in the district
       (a) Pure race
       (b) Hybrid race

35,000 nos.
20,000 nos.

1.5 lakhs
50,000 nos.
3. Total no. of existing farmers (Mulberry) 500 families 2000 families
4. Block covered 10 12
5. Number of Gram Panchayats covered 56 only 90 only
6. No. of rearing house in Govt. sector 6 8
7. Cocoon Market facility 3 nos.
[Khagrabari Seri. Farm, BSDF Dinhata, SDF & TSC Mathabhanga]
4 nos.
[Khagrabari Seri Farm, BSDF Dinhata, TSC Mathabhanga & TSC Tufanganj]
8. Installation of Drying Chamber
       (a) Electrical

6 nos.
3 nos.

10 nos.
6 nos.
9. Annual production of industrial cocoons 6.0 MT 20 MT
10. No. of women's Group/DWCRA group engaged in Sericulture activities Women Group - 5
SGSY Group - 15
SHG Group - 10
Cluster Activist - 1
Women Group - 5
Cluster Activist - 2
11. Production of silk yarn 0.5 MT 2.0 MT
12. No. of Sericulture linked Co-operative Societies / NGOs NGO - 1
Co-op. Soc. - 2
NGO - 2
Co-op. Soc. - 5
SECTOR : Non Mulberry (MUGA)
Parameters to be
Position as on
Expected growth
by 2017
1. Existence of Muga Basic Farm 02 nos. 03 nos.
2. Provision for Silkworm (Muga) Seed Production Centre 02 nos. 03 nos.
3. Annual distribution of Muga disease free layings 0.42 lakhs 0.75 lakhs
4. Active beneficiaries 600 nos. 800 nos.
5. Area brought under Som/Soalu plantation 780 acres 1100 acres
6. Production of reeling cocoons per year 11 lakhs 30 lakhs
7. Installation of reeling devices :
(a) Muga Reeling cum Twisting Machine
(b) Spinning Wheels

76 sets
28 sets

120 sets
40 sets
8. Muga Raw Silk production 1.99 Qtls. 6 Qtls.

Place Index :-


       Muga culture i.e. Muga silkworm rearing, silk reeling and weaving are of recent introduction at Cooch Behar, the far off district of West Bengal in comparison to age old tradition of Assam. Under the joint patronization of the State Government, Central Silk Board and the NGO (Non-Government Organisation) it has been recorded significant progress since its introduction during the early nineties. At present, there are about 1800 farmers involved in Muga culture at Cooch Behar with an extent of 780 acres of Muga host plantation, the bulk of which has been established under CDP (Catalytic Development Project). The meager consumption of 6400 nos. dfls by the rearers during 1998-99 is escalated to the tune of 70000 nos. during 2011-12. Proportionate increment in the production of cocoons is recorded to 11 lakhs from 1.67 lakhs during last 5 (five) years. It results in sizeable annual turnover of Rs.10 lakhs (approx.) at Cooch Behar during 2011-12. At present all the reeling cocoons are being converted into twisted muga yarn in the district itself which in turn is disposed to traders from Assam and West Bengal @Rs.8000/- to Rs.8300/- per Kg depending on quality of yarn in annual turnover of about Rs.17 lakhs. Considering its demand in the market, Muga Silk weaving has been introduced in Cooch Behar in smaller scale very recently. The production of muga yarn is expected to increase greatly at the end of XIIth plan period.

Existing infrastructure facilities in Muga sector

       The following table given below indicates the details of infrastructure facilities available under the State and Central Sector for development of Muga Silk industry in West Bengal :-

PARTICULARS Units under State  Units under Centre 
 Muga Basic Seed Farm 02 -
 Muga Grainage (SSPC) 01+ 10 (Pvt.) -
 Muga Reeling Centre 73 01
 Muga Spinning Centre 28 -
 Muga Re-reeling Centre 30 -
 Research Extension Centre - 01

       Under the existing practice, where the investment by individual farmer is minimum and with the involvement of family labour, the return from Muga culture appears more than satisfactory. At present the net income from Muga culture consuming 1(one) acre of land comes with Rs.25,000 - Rs.35,000 per acre per annum. It is thus hoped that the new millennium would beckon a golden hope in overall development of non-mulberry sector and elevate the economic status of those down trodden people who are directly or indirectly engaged with this avocation at Cooch Behar.

Govt. Sericulture Farm 3 nos.
Technical Service Centre 3 nos.
Village under Sericulture 191 nos.
Mulberry Plantation Area 457 acres
Som Plantation Area 780 acres
Muga Reeling Centres 78 nos.
Muga Spinning Centres 28 nos.
Number of Mulberry Farmers 1050
Number of Muga Farmers 1180
Cocoon Market 1 no.
Raw Material Bank 1 no.
Muga Research Centre 1 no.
ACHIEVEMENT during the year 2011-12 in Cooch Behar
 Mulberry disease free Layings Reared 43,000 nos.
 Mulberry disease free Layings Production 94,600 nos.
 Muga disease free Layings Reared 54,386 nos.
 Muga disease free Layings Production 41,842 nos.
 Mulberry Seed Cocoons 28,00,000 nos.
 Muga Cocoons Production 10,00,000 nos.
 Mulberry Reeling Cocoons Production 40 Qntl.
 Muga Yarn Production 199 Kg.
 Muga Silk Waste Production 102 Kg.
 Mulberry Cuttings Production in Govt. Farm 223 Qntl.
 Mulberry Saplings Production 1,79,400 nos.
 Additional Employment Generation 623
 Persondays created under NREGA works in Sericulture 7,592
Five Years Statement on Production in Sericulture of Cooch Behar district Check-out Statistical Figures
on Mulberry Culture


Check-out Statistical Figures
on Muga Culture
Name of Component 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012
Mulberry Extension (Acre) 53.03 46.67 55.61 57.28 67.66
Mulberry Silkworms Disease free
Layings Production (in thousand nos.)
74.53 55.71 65.71 66.6 97.2
Mulberry Silkworms Seed Cocoons
Production (in thousand nos.)
74.53 55.71 65.71 66.6 97.2
Som Extension for Muga Culture (Acre) 52 32 37 33 40
Muga Disease Free Layings
Production (in thousand nos.)
40.06 41.74 43.06 39.2 42
Muga Cocoons Production (in lakh nos.) 9.153 7.5 4.9 8.1 10
Muga Yarn (in Kg) 166 136 89 147 198

 Also check out : 
# Cultivation-stages know-how
||   Non-mulberry (Muga)
# Catchy points for Seri-Farmers # Planning & Management - Thrust Areas # Sericulture Directorate # Contact Nos.
# Products # New Silkworm Hybrids

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