Opening Home-page

|| District Map || District Block-demarcated Map || Location in West Bengal ||

view in seperate window

Welcome to Cooch Behar, Tourist!

| District Profile |
Data-Library 

|| Govt. Phone nos. || Important Public Phone nos. || Latest News-n-Activities ||

NIC (CoB) Home |

NIC - Cooch Behar home

Royal History : Some Statements/ Facts

| More Links at Bottom |


Cooch Behar Merger Agreement

On 15th August 1947, it was the birth of an independent India and Pakistan, free from two decades of Colonial Rule. Question arose regarding which nation the State of Cooch Behar will cede to. On the 28th of August 1949 an agreement was contracted between the Governor-General of India and His Highness the Maharaja of Cooch Behar, which came to be known as the Cooch Behar Merger Agreement, in which His Highness the Maharaja of Cooch Behar ceded to the Dominion Government (Govt. of India) -

"full and extensive authority, jurisdiction and powers for and in relation to the governance of the State" and agreed "to transfer the administration of the State to the Dominion Government on the 12th day of September, 1949." It was stipulated that from the 12th September, 1949 the Government of India would be competent to govern the State in such a manner and through such agency as it might think fit. Following is the extract of that Cooch Behar Merger Agreement :-

    Cooch Behar Merger Agreement :
       Agreement made this twenty eighth day of August 1949 between the Governor General of India and His Highness the Maharaja of Cooch Behar.

       Whereas in the best interests of the State of Cooch Behar as well as of the Dominion of India it is desirable to provide for the administration of the said State by or under the authority of the Dominion Government :

        It is hereby agreed as follows :~

    Article - 1 :-
   His Highness the Maharaja of Cooch Behar hereby cedes to the Dominion Government full and exclusive authority, jurisdiction and powers for and in relation to the governance of the State and agrees to transfer the administration of the State to the Dominion Government on the 12th day of September 1949 (hereinafter referred to as 'the said day').
   As from the said day the Dominion Government will be competent to exercise the said powers, authority and jurisdiction in such manner and through such agency as it may think fit.

    Article - 2 :-
   His Highness the Maharaja shall continue to enjoy the same personal rights, privileges, dignities and titles which he would have enjoyed had this agreement not been made.

    Article - 3 :-
   His Highness the Maharaja shall with effect from the said day be entitled to receive for his lifetime from the revenues of the State annually for his privy purse the sum of Rupees eight lakhs fifty thousand free of all taxes. After him the privy parts will be fixed at Rupees seven lakhs only. this amount is intended to cover all the expenses of the Ruler and his family, including expenses on account of his personal staff, maintenance of his residences, marriages and other ceremonies, etc., and will neither be increased nor reduced for any reason whatsoever.
    The Government of India undertakes the said sum of Rupees eight lakhs fifty thousand shall be paid to His Highness the Maharaja in four equal installments in advance at the beginning of each quarter from the State Treasury or at such Treasury as may be specified by the Government of India.

    Article - 4 :-
   His Highness the Maharaja shall be entitled to the full ownership, use and enjoyment of all private properties (as distinct from State properties) belonging to him on the date of this agreement.
   His Highness the Maharaja will furnish to the Dominion Government before the 15th September 1949, an inventory of all the immovable property, securities and cash balances held by him as such private property.
   If any dispute arises as to whether any item of property is the private property of
His Highness the Maharaja or State property, it shall be referred to a Judicial Officer qualified to be appointed as High Court Judge, and the decision of that Officer shall be final and binding on both parties.

    Article - 5 :-
   All the members of His Highness' family shall be entitled to all the personal privileges, dignities and titles enjoyed by them whether within or outside the territories of the State, immediately before the 15th day of August 1947.

    Article - 6 :-
   The Dominion Government guarantees the succession, according to law and custom, to the Gaddi of the State and to His Highness the Maharaja's personal rights, privileges, dignities and titles.

    Article - 7 :-
   No enquiry shall be made by or under the authority of the Government of India, and no proceedings shall lie in any court in Cooch Behar against His Highness the Maharaja, whether in a personal capacity or otherwise, in respect of anything done or omitted to be done by him or under his authority during the period of his administration of that State.

    Article - 8 :-
   (i) The Government of India hereby guarantees either the continuants in service of the permanent members of the public services of Cooch Behar on conditions which will be not less advantageous than those on which they were serving before the date on which the administration of Cooch Behar is made over to the Government of India or the payment of reasonable compensation.

   (ii) The Government of India further guarantees the continuance of pensions and leave salaries sanctioned by His Highness the Maharaja to servants of the State who have retired or proceed on leave preparatory to retirement, before the date on which the administration of Cooch Behar is made over to the Government of India.

    Article - 9 :-
   Except with the previous sanction of the Government of India no proceedings, civil and criminal, shall be instituted against any person in respect of any act done or purpoting to be done in the execution of his duties as a servant of the State before the day on which the administration is made over to the Government of India.

      In confirmation whereof Mr. Vapal Pangunni Menon, Advisor to the Govt. of India in the Ministry of States has appended his signature on behalf and with the authority of the Governor General of India and Lieutenant Colonel His Highness the Maharaja Jagaddipendra Narayan Bhup Bahadur, Maharaja of Cooch Behar, has appended his signature on behalf of himself, his heirs and successors.

Jagaddipendra Narayan
Maharaja of Cooch Behar

V. P. Menon
Advisor to the Govt. of India
Ministry of States

.


Farewell Notes of Maharaja Jagaddipendra Narayan

At the juncture of this merger, the Maharaja was deeply felt. People of Cooch Behar had also to bear this end of the

Royalty. Maharaja Jagaddipendra Narayan bade farewell to his beloved people in the following way :

     On this solemn occassion which marks the end of long and happy association, my mother and I send you our very best wishes, my beloved people.

     Whereever we may be, we shall never forget you, your loyalty, and your devotion, we hope you will always maintain the peace, goodwill and harmony which has been our common heritage.

     We shall always watch with keen interest your moral and material welfare and always pray for your happiness and prosperity.

May God Almighty bless you all

Jagaddipendra Narayan

 
What followed next - Assimilation

Between the 12th September and 31st December 1949, Cooch Behar was known as a Chief Commissioner's Province in the Government of India under a Chief Commissioner. When the Government of the State passed into the hands of the Government of India there was a series of discussions between the Union Government, the West Bengal Government and the Government of Assam, in which the wishes of the people of Cooch Behar were taken into account, and the Government of India reached the conclusion that the best interests of the people of -

Cooch Behar and of India as a whole would be served by the merger of Cooch Behar in the province of West Bengal. This was done with effect from the 1st January 1950, by means of an order under S. 290(a) of the Government of India Act of 1935. Almost immediately the Government of West Bengal enacted an Act, called the Cooch Behar (Assimilation of State Laws) Act in 1950, in which the following Acts, contained in the first schedule, were assimilated to the laws of the State of West Bengal. :-

The Cooch Behar ( Assimilation of State Laws ) Act, 1950

SCHEDULE 1
(1) The Cooch Behar Village Choukidari Act, 1893 (Cooch Behar Act III of 1893).
(2) The Cooch Behar Cess Act, 1893 (Cooch Behar Act V of 1893).
(3) The Cooch Behar Revenue Sales Act, 1897 (Cooch Behar Act V of 1897)`
(4) The Kist Act, Cooch Behar, 1898 (Cooch Behar Act I of 1898).
(5) The Cooch Behar Town Committee Act of 1903 (Cooch Behar Act IV of 1903).
(6) The Cooch Behar Tenancy Act, 1910 (Cooch behar Act V of 1910).
(7) The Cooch Behar Municipal Act, 1944 (Cooch Behar Act III of 1944).

Further enactments followed, and now most laws of the State of West Bengal are common to the district of Cooch Behar. Cooch Behar was declared a district of the State of West Bengal with effect from the 1st January 1950, and the District Officer came to be gazetted as Deputy Commissioner of Cooch Behar, on the analogy of the  -

designation of District Officers of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri. The Deputy Commissioner is re-notified as the District Magistrate of Cooch Behar, every time a fresh appointment is made. The following notifications are mentioned regarding the constitution of the Chief Commissioner's province of Cooch Behar into a district in West Bengal :

Notification No. 3509GA, dated 01/01/1950 regarding constitution of the Chief Commissioner's Province of Cooch Behar into a district in West Bengal with police stations as follows :
(1) Kotwali,    (2) Dinhata,    (3) Sitai,    (4) Tufanganj,
(5) Mathabhanga,    (6) Sitalkuchi,    (7) Mekliganj   and   (8) Haldibari.

Notification No. 3549GA, dated 01/01/1950 regarding division of the district of Cooch Behar into following subdivisions namely :
(1) Cooch Behar Sadar,    (2) Dinhata,
(3) Mathabhanga,    (4) Tufanganj   and   (5) Mekliganj.

Notification Nos. 9P1 to 16P1, dated 01/01/1950 regarding formation of police stations Sitalkuchi, Mekliganj, Haldibari, Kotwali, Dinhata, Sitai, Tufanganj and Mathabhanga in the District of Cooch Behar.

Notification No. 7018J, dated 01/01/1950 regarding formation of subdivisions as detailed below :
(1) Subdivision Cooch Behar with P.S. Kotwali;   
(2) Subdivision Dinhata with
      (a) P.S. Dinhata   and  
      (b) P.S. Sitai;
(3) Subdivision Tufanganj with P.S. Tufanganj;
(4) Subdivision Mathabhanga with
      (a) P.S. Mathabhanga   and  
      (b) P.S. Sitalkuchi;
(5) Subdivision Mekliganj with
      (a) P.S. Mekliganj   and  
      (b) P.S. Haldibari.

 

Royal (KOCH) Dynasty

Image Gallery

History Book

Notable member of the Royal family

Important Letters

Truce with East India Company

"Narayani" Currency of Koch kingdom

Some more Important Facts

Koch kingdom & Muslim strength

Arts and Literature


Opening Page

www.coochbehar.nic.in - HOME  

--------------------------------- Other Links ---------------------------------

  Top of Page

| Administrative Activities | Administrative Blocks | Administrative Departments | Administrative Diary | Administrative Forms |
| Administrative OrdersAdministrative Schemes | Administrative Tenders | Agriculture | Brief History | Bus Service | Climate |
| Crop pattern | Culture-n-Tradition | Demography | Education | Employment | Fairs-n-Festivals | Geography | Haats or  Local Market |
| Health | Industry/EconomyIndustrial Scope | IT Awareness in CoB | Land Data Bank | Local Administration |
| Physical InfrastructurePublic Utility Information | Royal History | Social Infrastructure |
Tourism - a Snapshot | Tourist Guide |

|| Feedback ||

| Train Service |

|| Advertisement ||

-------------------------------- NIC Links --------------------------------
| NIC (CoB) Profile | NIC- CoB's Favourite | Data-Bank ||  Data-Library  || Bulletin | Events | Personals | Other Centres of NIC |


NICNET - (satellite based VSAT)

Ministry of IT

Copyright 2002 . All rights reserved by NIC (CoB)
National Informatics Centre, Cooch Behar District Unit
Email -
dio-cbr@nic.in

Jai Hind